Birth Control Specialist

Canterbury Women's Health Care

Gynecologists located in Fresno, CA

If you’re sexually active but want to avoid pregnancy, there are a number of birth control options to choose from. It’s important to choose the right birth control based on your health history. The caring physicians at Canterbury Women’s Health Care in Fresno, California, can help you make that decision. They have a number of birth control options available to suit your health and lifestyle. Call or schedule an appointment online today to learn more.

Birth Control Q & A

Canterbury Women's Health Care

What is birth control?

Birth control is a way in which you can prevent pregnancy. There are several types of birth control options available. Some forms are more effective than others and may protect you from sexually transmitted diseases (STDs). Additionally, some birth control options are permanent while others are temporary.

How does birth control work?

Birth control prevents pregnancy in different ways, depending on the option you select. In women, sterilization permanently prevents eggs from reaching the uterus.

Some contraceptives use hormones to either prevent the release of your eggs or to thicken your cervical mucus and thin the uterus lining, which prevents sperm from reaching the egg.

Other forms of birth control use barriers to prevent the sperm from reaching your egg. There are also spermicides, which kill the sperm before it reaches your egg. Menstrual cycle tracking is another option for preventing pregnancy. This method is used by determining peak risk periods of pregnancy and abstaining from intercourse during those times.

What types of birth control are available?

Several types of birth control are available. Options include:

  • Surgical sterilization (tubal ligation)
  • Injection (Depo-Provera®)
  • Implant (Implanon®)
  • IUD (intrauterine device)
  • Oral contraceptives (combined pill or progestin-only mini-pill)
  • Diaphragm with spermicide
  • Cervical cap with spermicide

Birth control that’s available without a prescription:

  • Male latex condom
  • Female condom
  • Spermicides
  • Periodic abstinence
  • Sponge with spermicide

Are there risks or side effects of birth control?

Each form of birth control comes with risks and side effects. Some birth control options are more effective at preventing pregnancy and STDs, and some include potential health risks.

Health risks could include:

  • Bleeding
  • Weight gain
  • Breast tenderness
  • Headaches or dizziness
  • Cramps
  • Infertility
  • High blood pressure
  • Blood clots
  • Heart attack
  • Stroke
  • Ectopic pregnancy
  • Perforation of your uterus
  • Urinary tract infection, irritation, or allergic reaction
  • Pain
  • Infection

A full medical exam and conversation with your doctor will help Dr. Bergmann or Dr. Noel determine the best birth control option for you. Risks and side effects can vary from person to person, so it’s important to consult with your physician on birth control options.

Call Canterbury Women’s Health Care or schedule an appointment online today to learn more about your birth control options.